Publications

For two decades, TIMSS and PIRLS publications and internationally comparative student achievement data have been critical to policymakers for monitoring and improving education systems around the world. The TIMSS and PIRLS publications available for download from this page allow participants and analysts to consider their international standing and achievement levels, and to gauge their overall educational health.

Click on the PDF icons to download PDF versions of the publications, or the hyperlink icons to view the reports online. Copies of some printed reports are available; to request a copy for shipment, please email timssandpirls@bc.edu.

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TIMSS 2019
Methods and Procedures: TIMSS 2019 Technical Report

(2020) Michael O. Martin, Matthias von Davier, and Ina V.S. Mullis (Eds.)

TIMSS 2019 Assessment Frameworks

(2017) Ina V.S. Mullis and Michael O. Martin (Eds.)

TIMSS 2015
TIMSS 2015 International Results in Mathematics

(2016) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Pierre Foy, and Martin Hooper

TIMSS 2015 International Results in Science

(2016) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Pierre Foy, and Martin Hooper

20 Years of TIMSS: International Trends in Mathematics and Science Achievement, Curriculum, and Instruction

(2016) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, and Tom Loveless

TIMSS 2015 Encyclopedia: Education Policy and Curriculum in Mathematics and Science

(2016) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Shirley Goh, and Kerry Cotter

Methods and Procedures in TIMSS 2015

(2016) Michael O. Martin, Ina V.S. Mullis, and Martin Hooper (Eds.)

TIMSS 2015 User Guide for the International Database

(2017) Pierre Foy

TIMSS 2015 Assessment Frameworks

(2013) Ina V.S. Mullis and Michael O. Martin (Eds.)

TIMSS Advanced 2015
TIMSS Advanced 2015 International Results in Advanced Mathematics and Physics

(2016) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Pierre Foy, and Martin Hooper

20 Years of TIMSS: International Trends in Mathematics and Science Achievement, Curriculum, and Instruction

(2016) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, and Tom Loveless

Methods and Procedures in TIMSS Advanced 2015

(2016) Michael O. Martin, Ina V.S. Mullis, and Martin Hooper (Eds.)

TIMSS Advanced 2015 User Guide for the International Database

(2017) Pierre Foy

TIMSS Advanced 2015 Assessment Frameworks

(2014) Ina V.S. Mullis and Michael O. Martin (Eds.)

TIMSS 2011
TIMSS and PIRLS 2011: Relationships Among Reading, Mathematics, and Science Achievement at the Fourth Grade—Implications for Early Learning

(2013) Michael O. Martin and Ina V.S. Mullis (Eds.)

TIMSS 2011 International Results in Mathematics

(2012) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Pierre Foy, and Alka Arora

TIMSS 2011 International Results in Science

(2012) Michael O. Martin, Ina V.S. Mullis, Pierre Foy, and Gabrielle M. Stanco

TIMSS 2011 Encyclopedia: Education Policy and Curriculum in Mathematics and Science, Volumes 1 and 2

(2012) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Chad A. Minnich, Gabrielle M. Stanco, Alka Arora, Victoria A.S. Centurino, and Courtney E. Castle

Methods and Procedures in TIMSS and PIRLS 2011

(2012) Michael O. Martin and Ina V.S. Mullis (Eds.)

TIMSS 2011 International Database and User Guide

(2013) Pierre Foy, Alka Arora, and Gabrielle M. Stanco (Eds.)

TIMSS 2011 Assessment Frameworks

(2009) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Graham J. Ruddock, Christine Y. O'Sullivan, and Corinna Preuschoff

TIMSS Advanced 2008
TIMSS Advanced 2008 International Report

(2009) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, David F. Robitaille, and Pierre Foy

TIMSS Advanced 2008 Technical Report

(2009) Alka Arora, Pierre Foy, Michael O. Martin, and Ina V.S. Mullis (Eds.)

TIMSS Advanced 2008 International Database and TIMSS Advanced 2008 DVD

(2009) Pierre Foy and Alka Arora (Eds.)

TIMSS Advanced 2008 Assessment Frameworks

(2006) Robert A. Garden, Svein Lie, David F. Robitaille, Carl Angell, Michael O. Martin, Ina V.S. Mullis, Pierre Foy, and Alka Arora

TIMSS 2007
TIMSS 2007 International Mathematics Report

(2008) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Pierre Foy in collaboration with John F. Olson, Corinna Preuschoff, Ebru Erberber, Alka Arora, Joseph Galia

TIMSS 2007 International Science Report

(2008) Michael O. Martin, Ina V.S. Mullis, Pierre Foy in collaboration with John F. Olson, Ebru Erberber, Corinna Preuschoff, Joseph Galia

TIMSS 2007 Encyclopedia

(2008) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, John F. Olson, Debra R. Berger, Dana Milne, and Gabrielle M. Stanco

TIMSS 2007 Technical Report

(2008) John F. Olson, Michael O. Martin, and Ina V.S. Mullis (Eds.)

TIMSS 2007 International Database and User Guide (DVD)

(2009) Pierre Foy and John F. Olson (Eds.)

TIMSS 2007 Assessment Frameworks

(2005) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Graham J. Ruddock, Christine Y. O'Sullivan, Alka Arora, and Ebru Erberber

TIMSS 2003
IEA's TIMSS 2003 International Report on Achievement in the Mathematics Cognitive Domains Findings from a Developmental Project.

(2005) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, and Pierre Foy

TIMSS 2003 International Mathematics Report Findings From IEA’s Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study at the Fourth and Eighth Grades

(2004) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Eugenio J. Gonzalez, and Steven J. Chrostowski

TIMSS 2003 International Science Report Findings From IEA’s Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study at the Fourth and Eighth Grades

(2004) Michael O. Martin, Ina V.S. Mullis, Eugenio J. Gonzalez, and Steven J. Chrostowski

TIMSS 2003 Technical Report

(2004) Michael O. Martin, Ina V.S. Mullis, and Steven J. Chrostowski (Eds.)

TIMSS 2003 International Database and User Guide

(2005) Michael O. Martin (Ed.)

TIMSS Assessment Frameworks and Specifications 2003, 2nd Edition

(2003) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Teresa A. Smith, Robert A. Garden, Kelvin D. Gregory, Eugenio J. Gonzalez, Steven J. Chrostowski, and Kathleen M. O'Connor

TIMSS 1999 (TIMSS-R)
TIMSS 1999 International Mathematics Report Findings from IEA's Repeat of the Third International Mathematics and Science Study at the Eighth Grade.

(2000) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Eugenio J. Gonzalez, Kelvin D. Gregory, Teresa A. Smith, Steven J. Chrostowski, Robert A. Garden, and Kathleen M. O'Connor

TIMSS 1999 International Science Report Findings from IEA's Repeat of the Third International Mathematics and Science Study at the Eighth Grade.

(2000) Michael O. Martin, Ina V.S. Mullis, Eugenio J. Gonzalez, Kelvin D. Gregory, Robert A. Garden, Kathleen M. O'Connor, Steven J. Chrostowski, and Teresa A. Smith

TIMSS 1999 Technical Report Description of the methods and procedures used in IEA's Repeat of the Third International Mathematics and Science Study at the eighth grade.

(2000) Michael O. Martin, Kelvin D. Gregory, and Steven E. Stemler (Eds.)

User Guide for the TIMSS 1999 International Database includes data files and supporting documentation.

(2001)

Mathematics Released Item Set for TIMSS 1999
Science Released Item Set for TIMSS 1999
For the U.S. TIMSS-R report, Pursuing Excellence: Comparisons of International Eighth-Grade Mathematics and Science Achievement from a US Perspective, 1995 and 1999, visit the National Center for Educational Statistics (NCES) web site.
TIMSS 1999 Benchmarking
TIMSS 1999 Mathematics Benchmarking Report, Eighth Grade Achievement Results for US States and Districts in an International Context.

(2001) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Eugenio J. Gonzalez, Kathleen M. O'Connor, Steven J. Chrostowski, Kelvin D. Gregory, Robert A. Garden, and Teresa A. Smith.
Full report is also available in HTML.

TIMSS 1999 Science Benchmarking Report, Eighth Grade, Achievement Results for US States and Districts in an International Context.

(2001) Michael O. Martin, Ina V.S. Mullis, Eugenio J. Gonzalez, Kathleen M. O'Connor, Steven J. Chrostowski, Kelvin D. Gregory, Teresa A. Smith, and Robert A. Garden.
Full report is also available in HTML.

TIMSS 1999 Benchmarking Technical Report.

(2001) Michael O. Martin, Kelvin D. Gregory, Kathleen M. O'Connor, and Steven E. Stemler

TIMSS 1997 Benchmarking
Mathematics Achievement in Missouri and Oregon in an International Context: 1997 TIMSS Benchmarking.

(1998) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Albert E. Beaton, Eugenio J. Gonzalez, Dana L. Kelly, and Teresa A. Smith

Science Achievement in Missouri and Oregon in an International Context: 1997 TIMSS Benchmarking.

(1998) Michael O. Martin, Ina V.S. Mullis, Albert E. Beaton, Eugenio J. Gonzalez, Teresa A. Smith, and Dana L. Kelly

TIMSS 1995
Achievement Reports
Effective Schools in Science and Mathematics.

(2001) Michael O. Martin, Ina V.S. Mullis, Kelvin D. Gregory, Hoyle, and Ce Shen

Gender Differences in Achievement.

(2000) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Edward G. Fierros, Amie L. Goldberg, and Steven E. Stemler

School Contexts for Learning and Instruction.

(1999) Michael O. Martin, Ina V.S. Mullis, Eugenio J. Gonzalez, Teresa A. Smith, and Dana L. Kelly

Mathematics and Science Achievement in the Final Year of Secondary School.

(1998) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Albert E. Beaton, Eugenio J. Gonzalez, Dana L. Kelly, and Teresa A. Smith

Performance Assessment in IEA's Third International Mathematics and Science Study.

(1997) Maryellen Harmon, Teresa A. Smith, Michael O. Martin, Dana L. Kelly, Albert E. Beaton, Ina V.S. Mullis, Eugenio J. Gonzalez, and Graham Orpwood

Mathematics Achievement in the Primary School Years: IEA's Third International Mathematics and Science Study.

(1997) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Albert E. Beaton, Eugenio J. Gonzalez, Dana L. Kelly, and Teresa A. Smith

Science Achievement in the Primary School Years: IEA's Third International Mathematics and Science Study.

(1997) Michael O. Martin, Ina V.S. Mullis, Albert E. Beaton, Eugenio J. Gonzalez, Teresa A. Smith, and Dana L. Kelly

Mathematics Achievement in the Middle School Years: IEA's Third International Mathematics and Science Study.

(1996) Albert E. Beaton, Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Eugenio J. Gonzalez, Dana L. Kelly, and Teresa A. Smith

Science Achievement in the Middle School Years: IEA's Third International Mathematics and Science Study.

(1996) Albert E. Beaton, Michael O. Martin, Ina V.S. Mullis, Eugenio J. Gonzalez, Teresa A. Smith, and Dana L. Kelly

Profiles of Student Achievement in Mathematics at the TIMSS International Benchmarks: US Performance and Standards in an International Context.

(2000) Dana L. Kelly, Ina V.S. Mullis, and Michael O. Martin

Profiles of Student Achievement in Science at the TIMSS International Benchmarks: US Performance and Standards in an International Context.

(2000) Teresa A. Smith, Michael O. Martin, Ina V.S. Mullis, and Dana L. Kelly.

Technical Reports
TIMSS Technical Report Volume III: Implementation and Analysis, Final Year of Secondary School

(1999) Michael O. Martin and Dana L. Kelly (Eds.)

TIMSS Technical Report Volume II: Implementation and Analysis, Primary and Middle School Years

(1998). Michael O. Martin and Dana L. Kelly (Eds.)

TIMSS Technical Report, Volume I: Design and Development

(1996) Michael O. Martin and Dana L. Kelly (Eds.)

Quality Assurance in Data Collection: Third International Mathematics and Science Study

(1996) Michael O. Martin and Ina V.S. Mullis

Database Documentation
User Guide for the Primary and Middle School Years
Supplement 1: International Versions of the Background Questionnaires – Population 1
Supplement 2: International Versions of the Background Questionnaires – Population 2
Supplement 3: Documentation of National Adaptations of International Background Questionnaire Items – Populations 1 and 2
Supplement 4: Variables Derived from the Student and Teacher Questionnaires – Populations 1 and 2
User Guide for the Final Year of Secondary School
Supplement 1: International Versions of the Background Questionnaires – Population 3
Supplement 2: Documentation of National Adaptations of International Background Questionnaire Items – Population 3
Supplement 3: Variables Derived from the Student Questionnaire – Population 3
TIMSS Released Items
Released Item Set for the Final Year of Secondary School
TIMSS Mathematics Items: Released Set for Population 1 (Third and Fourth Grade)
TIMSS Science Items: Released Set for Population 1 (Third and Fourth Grade)
TIMSS Mathematics Items: Released Set for Population 2 (Seventh and Eighth Grade)
TIMSS Science Items: Released Set for Population 2 (Seventh and Eighth Grade)
PIRLS 2021
PIRLS 2021 Assessment Frameworks

(2019) Ina V.S. Mullis and Michael O. Martin (Eds.)

PIRLS 2016
PIRLS 2016 International Results in Reading

(2017) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Pierre Foy, and Martin Hooper

ePIRLS 2016 International Results in Online Informational Reading

(2017) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Pierre Foy, and Martin Hooper

PIRLS 2016 International Database and User Guide

(2018) Pierre Foy

PIRLS 2016 Encyclopedia: Education Policy and Curriculum in Reading

(2017) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Shirley Goh, and Caroline Prendergast (Eds.)

Methods and Procedures in PIRLS 2016

(2017) Michael O. Martin, Ina V.S. Mullis, and Martin Hooper (Eds.)

PIRLS 2016 Assessment Framework, 2nd Edition

(2015) Ina V.S. Mullis and Michael O. Martin (Eds.)

PIRLS 2011
TIMSS and PIRLS 2011: Relationships Among Reading, Mathematics, and Science Achievement at the Fourth Grade—Implications for Early Learning

(2013) Michael O. Martin and Ina V.S. Mullis (Eds.)

PIRLS 2011 International Results in Reading

(2012) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Pierre Foy, and Kathleen L. Drucker

PIRLS 2011 Encyclopedia: Education Policy and Curriculum in Reading, Volumes 1 and 2

(2012) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Chad A. Minnich, Kathleen T. Drucker, and Moira A. Ragan (Eds.)

Methods and Procedures in TIMSS and PIRLS 2011

(2012) Michael O. Martin and Ina V.S. Mullis (Eds.)

PIRLS 2011 International Database and User Guide

(2013) Pierre Foy and Kathleen L. Drucker (Eds.)

PIRLS 2011 Assessment Framework

(2009) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Ann M. Kennedy, Kathleen L. Trong, and Marian Sainsbury

PIRLS 2006
PIRLS 2006 International Report: IEA's Progress in International Reading Literacy Study in Primary School in 40 Countries

(2007) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Ann M. Kennedy, and Pierre Foy

PIRLS 2006 Encyclopedia: A Guide to Reading Education in the Forty PIRLS 2006 Countries

(2007) Ann M. Kennedy, Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, and Kathleen L. Trong (Eds.)

PIRLS 2006 Technical Report

(2007) Michael O. Martin, Ina V.S. Mullis, and Ann M. Kennedy (Eds.)

PIRLS 2006 User Guide for the International Database

(2008) Pierre Foy and Ann M. Kennedy

PIRLS 2006 Assessment Framework and Specifications, 2nd Edition

(2006) Ina V.S. Mullis, Ann M. Kennedy, Michael O. Martin, and Marian Sainsbury

PIRLS 2001
PIRLS 2001 International Report: IEA’s Study of Reading Literacy Achievement in Primary Schools

(2003) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Eugenio J. Gonzalez, and Ann M. Kennedy

PIRLS 2001 Encyclopedia

(2002) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Ann M. Kennedy, and Cheryl L. Flaherty (Eds.)

Trends in Children’s Reading Literacy Achievement 1991-2001: IEA’s Repeat in Nine Countries of the 1991 Reading Literacy Study

(2003) Michael O. Martin, Ina V.S. Mullis, Eugenio J. Gonzalez, and Ann M. Kennedy (Eds.)

PIRLS 2001 Technical Report

(2003) Michael O. Martin, Ina V.S. Mullis, and Ann M. Kennedy (Eds.)

PIRLS 2001 User Guide for the International Database (updated)

(2003) Eugenio J. Gonzalez and Ann M. Kennedy (Eds.)

Framework and Specifications for PIRLS Assessment 2001, 2nd Edition

(2001) Jay R. Campbell, Dana L. Kelly, Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, and Marian Sainsbury

International Achievement in the Processes of Reading Comprehension: Results from PIRLS 2001 in 35 Countries.

(2004) Ina V.S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, and Eugenio J. Gonzalez